Sailor's Coat of Fleet Crews © National Marine Museum / S. Dondain
Textile making workshops of the Navy's Arsenals
Sailor's coat of the crews of the Fleet, Miss 1858. 1873
Inscr. : 1873 / R SFP R / 2 / C; Fleet crews
Woolen cloth, linen or cotton, brass.
H. 54,5 x L. 45 cm
While the museum's collection is rich in officers' uniforms, it is, on the other hand, very deficient in terms of crews, since unlike the army where the uniform is to be returned when the soldier leaves the service, carries part of its effects. They are therefore generally reused and worn until complete wear. This particular arrangement of the Navy explains the rarity of the parts before 1939. In addition, owners of such effects rarely thought of donating because of their wear. Thus, this overcoat is the first to enter the museum's collections.
If the first mention of the coat in the official texts dates from 1804, it is necessary to await the payment of 1858 to discover a detailed description. This is a very short jacket that does not cover the hips. This first coat acquired by the museum is the model that equipped sailors from the Second Empire to the beginning of the IIIe Republic. It was definitively suppressed in 1876 and replaced by the caban, ample and longer.