Paraguay, liner, 1888 © National Marine Museum / P. Dantec
Site model of a mixed propeller liner of the Société des Chargeurs Réunis
L 289 xl 50 x H 132 cm
1 / 40e scale.
Inventory number MnM 7 MM 3
Exhibition Paris, palace of Chaillot
From 1820 to 1920, 34 millions of Europeans embarked with hope towards a new Eldorado, America. It is religious and political freedom that the first emigrants seek, while those who follow follow in order to get out of misery.
For the shipping companies, emigrants are a freight like the others, which nevertheless possesses on the goods the immense advantage of landing alone. To attract them, companies will compete and wage tariffs such that it will be necessary in 1892 to create a pool of emigration to moralize this trade.
This trip is lived in harsh hygiene conditions. Successive waves of Irish, Polish and Sicilians land at Ellis Island, where sanitary controls are carried out, sometimes with repression at the end of the journey.
This movement towards the new world is called the "Westbound". But there is also an "Eastbound". Reflux brings home the victims of the crisis or the evil of the country and it ensures more than half of the passages of third class.
This model has an open curb in order to present the interior fittings.
History of Paraguay
The mixed passenger and freight liner Paraguay is built at the Ateliers et Chantiers de la Loire in Saint-Nazaire. It is launched the 29 June 1888.
1er October 1888 : the ship makes its first crossing towards La Plata, starting from Le Havre.
December 6 1890 : at the entrance of the port of La Boca in Buenos-Ayres, it is approached by the tug Cardiff 1. The tug sinks and makes a victim.
1er January 1892 : in Dunkirk he approaches a bell diver Bridges and Roads. There is damage to the piles and the bell.
August 19 1894 : Paraguay leaves Tenerife by towing the Pampa helpless. They arrive at Le Havre the 27 of the same month.
1895 : it is chartered in transport of troops for the expedition of Madagascar.
1898 : Paraguay embarks in Lourenco-Marques the first shipment of gold Transvaal coming directly to Paris without transit through London.
August 3 1898 : it is approached in the port of Cape Town by the English steamer Raglan Castle in maneuver. Damage is slight.
1899 : it is equipped with new boilers at the Forges and Chantiers de la Méditerranée in Marseille.
3 July 1909. Paraguay leaves Le Havre for its last trip to Cardiff where it must be demolished.
|2 masts and chimney|
|Rough measure||3551 tx|
|Triple expansion machine|
|4 cylindrical boilers (11 kg)|
|Test speed||12 n|
|First class passengers||60|