Glory

First armored frigate in the world, it is exposed in Paris.

Glory, battleship frigate © National Marine Museum / A. Fux

Frigate battleship
Arsenals Models Workshop
1859
271 x 83 x 178 cm - Scale 1 / 33e
MNM 25 MG 1
Exhibition Paris, palace of Chaillot

In 1859, engineer of the Maritime Engineering Henri Dupuy de Lôme presents the project of the first frigate armored in the world, Glory. By lengthening the proportions of the ship and refining the forms of the front, he imagines a building in advance of twenty years on his time.
Its shield, screwed on the wooden hull, consisted of plates of forged iron, solid and thick from 10 to 12 cm.
Although the nautical and military qualities of this ship are undeniable, life on board is very difficult, because to avoid breaking the breastplate, we have banned any opening. The crew therefore lives permanently by the light of oil lamps and without aeration.
This ship of revolutionary design, fast despite its weight, is copied by all the naval powers.
Ten frigates are built on the Glory. The advantage they give to France is worth to Dupuy de Lome to be made a great officer of the Legion of Honor and promoted director of the Naval Constructions.

This model was presented at the 1867 World Exposition in Paris.

Launched the 24 November 1859, armed in August 1860, struck off the lists in 1879, destroyed in 1883.

Technical Characteristics of Glory
Type ironclad
Length 77,8 m
Midship 17 m
Draught 8,4 m
Shifting 5 630 tons
Propulsion 1100 m & sup2; sail, 1 horizontal two-cylinder steam engine, 1 six-bladed propeller, 8 oval boilers
Puissance 2 500 cv
Vitesse 13 nodes
Military Characteristics
armouring 120 mm of wrought iron plates
armament 36 guns loaded by the 160mm cylinder head model (1858 / 60). After 1866: 8 guns of 239mm and BL model 1864, 6 guns of 193mm BL model 1866
Other features
Crew 570 men
Construction site Toulon, France

Biography

Henri Dupuy de Lome.

Engineer of Maritime Engineering and French politician.

Born in Ploëmeur (Morbihan) on the 15 October 1816 and died in Paris on the 1er February 1885.
After brilliant studies at the Ecole Polytechnique, he left England for a year to study the latest improvements in shipbuilding. It publishes in 1844 a plea in favor of metal construction: Memoir on the construction of iron buildings.
He is the author of many inventions in the shipbuilding industry, including the world's first steam-powered ship (the Napoleon, launched in 1850), the development of the cuirass process inaugurated on the Glory and which would give France a remarkable technological lead.
During the war of 1870, it assured the construction of balloons during the siege of Paris.
Deputy of Morbihan from 1869 to 1870 and Senator irremovable from 1877 to 1885.

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