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an open air museum
Built between the XVIe and XIXe centuries, several barracks were sheltered in the courtyard of the castle. One of them, the barracks Plougastel was classified historical monument in 1923. These buildings destroyed during the war were replaced by the maritime prefecture, due to the architect Guth and completed in 1953. Underground, dug by the Germans during the Second World War, now house the command for the Atlantic (CECLANT) and that of the Strategic Ocean Force (FOS). The castle of Brest thus retains part of its military vocation.
The National Museum of the Navy, found in the walls traces the Navy's history and certifies its close links with the city of Brest. It's sort of heir to the ship models room. 1826 installed in the first floor of the workshop sculptures of the Brest arsenal, collections, evacuated in Morlaix during the Second World War, were transferred 1958 in Paradise castle towers. An extension of the museum in the dungeon is made 1985.
The restoration of the chateau started since 1990 and the successive developments of the Paradis towers, the Dungeon and the Madeleine tower have improved the reception of visitors and the cultural offer that is offered to them: organization of temporary exhibitions, guided tours themed, nocturnal, discovery of undergrounds, workshops for children and schoolchildren, musical entertainment, storytelling evenings ... Finally, the superb panoramas on the harbor, ports of war, trade or pleasure make the castle of Brest a a real open air museum!
Since the site is perfectly monitors the mouth of the harbor and narrows towards the open sea and of course the Penfeld. This particular location gives the site a major strategic position. Over the centuries, the architecture of the castle will be tailored to meet the evolving siege techniques and armaments, to guard against two types of attacks: land and sea. In 17 centuries of history, the castle will never be taken by force.
Everyone can understand how the ancient Gallo-Roman Castellum became a walled city before ducal castle; English occupation during the Hundred Years War; the appointed residence to greet the Duchess Anne; physiognomy during the religious wars; transformations under Vauban to fit the art of defense.
The evolution of the castle of Brest in 3D
Five films 3D (below) depict the architectural evolution of the site to the key moments in the history of Brest. These events, with their share of interpretation, can observe the successive states of the monument.
These sequences were made by Thierry Le Masson of the regional photographic and audiovisual cell based on the work of Jean-Michel Simon and historians Jean-Yves Besselièvre and Alain Boulaire.